I will actually post backwards to the way I described it above. The new matter discovered is in terms of Physics a stunning revelation. The Neo Cons did get us involved in the two worst wars in US History.. Certainly the longest wars in this Countries History. I will argue by the time it is said and done the most devastating in terms of damage in multiple possible ways to veterans returning home and the soldiers actively in the war zone. I will talk about this amazing story on UFOs being flown over Hawaii.. You guessed it. By NASA.
UFO’s over Hawaii. This summer guaranteed. NASA is about to start new project. A flying saucer project.
Holidaymakers in Hawaii may get a shock this summer, according to NASA’s intelligence, as a flying saucer will fly over the beaches of Hawaii.
However, the disc is not extra-terrestrial, it will be launched from a U.S. Navy facility in Kauai in June as part of a project which will one day see the spacecraft, if successful, carry heavy loads of equipment and eventually people, to Mars, according to Science Recorder.
A Low Density Supersonic Decelerator will launch the disk-shaped object. It has been designed to slow down upon entering the rather thin atmosphere of Mars by using inflatable technology, replacing the usual system, which requires deployment of a parachute.
Martian air has a thinner density compared to Earth’s atmosphere, measuring about one per cent as dense. This makes it difficult for vehicles traveling at supersonic speed to stop and land effectively on Mars.
The crafts design uses a giant parachute, while using a decelerator resembling a balloon that is attached to the entry vehicle. As the speed of the capsule increases, the decelerator rapidly inflates – slowing the capsule down so that its parachute can deploy for a safe landing.
To recreate the atmosphere on Mars, NASA’s research team will lift the vehicle equipped with the decelerator system 22 miles above the Pacific Ocean in Hawaii, using a high-altitude balloon.
The craft will then fire a rocket to bring the saucer to an altitude of 180,000 feet. Gravity will bring the rocket back to earth, where the system is expected to inflate and then momentarily release the parachute.
NEOCONS wrong about Everything?
Slate columnist Reihan Salam has an important message: He still believes in neoconservatism. He concedes, more or less, that the past 13 years of United States foreign policy have been a hideous spectacle of strategic, tactical, and moral failure, all perpetrated in the name of neoconservative ideas. “Given all of this,” he asks, “why am I still a neocon?”
The answer—albeit Salam’s unintentional answer—is that he’s a neocon because he is a sloppy thinker who is deeply confused about history and how the world works. This is a valuable contribution to the ongoing discussion of America’s role in global affairs. Neoconservatism is a fantasy, and fantasies are hard to abandon:
Why do I still believe that the U.S. should maintain an overwhelming military edge over all potential rivals, and that we as a country ought to be willing to use our military power in defense of our ideals as well as our interests narrowly defined? There are two reasons: The first is that American strength is the linchpin of a peaceful, economically integrating world; and the second is that we know what it looks like when America embraces amoral realpolitik, and it’s not pretty.
Goodness, ideals! Our ideals, lately, have led to our national spy corps running an open-ended international program of mass surveillance and paramilitary war, featuring kidnapping, torture, and robot-assisted assassination. In Afghanistan, one of the countries where we have most actively worked on pinning together a peaceful world, aid workers and journalists are being shot by the locals for simply being associated with the West. Meanwhile Russia, despite the undeniable appeal of a world led by the United States, has begun de-integrating territory from the Euro-American sphere of influence.
Presumably Vladimir Putin is reacting to President Obama’s relative lack of strength, now that neoconservative ideas are in eclipse. Yet the American military, despite reports of its imminent demobilization, is immense and well funded. Salam addresses this:
You may have seen one of those charts illustrating how much the U.S. military spends on defense vs. other countries. Slate recently ran just such a chart to show that America’s 2012 defense spending surpasses that of China, Russia, the U.K., Japan, France, Saudi Arabia, India, Germany, Italy, and Brazil combined. The implicit message of these charts is “Wait a minute, you guys—doesn’t this seem like overkill?” There is no question that there is waste in the U.S. defense budget, and that our military could deploy resources more effectively.
But these charts are misleading insofar as they gloss over a pretty important fact, which is that personnel costs are much higher in rich countries than in poor ones. Stack up the U.S. against the same list of countries on health or education spending and you’ll find that we spend an impressive amount in those domains too.
The actual charts.
The Physics Particle that cannot be explained by any models. A new form of Matter of all things?
Be prepared for the word tetra quark.
Since the spectacular discovery of the Higgs boson in 2012, physicists at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), the gigantic particle accelerator outside Geneva, have suffered a bit of a drought when it comes to finding new particles. In a welcome relief, the LHCb collaboration, who run one of four large experiments at the LHC, have announced one of the most genuinely exciting observations to come out of the 27km super-collider so far – an exotic particle that cannot be explained by current theories.
In the early 1930s physicists had a clean picture of the subatomic particles that make up our world. Every known atom has a tiny nucleus at its heart surrounded by a cloud of electrons, and each nucleus was made out of varying numbers of protons and neutrons. However, as the decades wore on a number of new, and somewhat unwelcome, particles were discovered, at first in detectors studying particles from outer space and later in particle-collider experiments.
By the 1950s, dozens of apparently elementary particles had been discovered, causing frustration among physicists who often brandish an inability to memorise a list of facts as a badge of honour. The famous physicist Enrico Fermi perhaps best expressed the mood of his colleagues in an infamous remark:
Young man, if I could remember the names of these particles, I would have been a botanist.”
Help came in the 1950s when physicists came up with a new model that explained most of these particles as being made up of a small number of truly elementary particles. Borrowing a line from James Joyce’s Finnegans Wake (a book that is even harder to understand than quantum field theory), Murray Gell-Mann dubbed these new particles “quarks”.
By the late 1960s the existence of quarks had been verified experimentally. We now know that there are six in total – the up, down, strange, charm, bottom and top quarks, along with six antiquarks (their anti-matter copies).
The quark model neatly explained all these peculiar particles. Protons, neutrons and many others besides are made of three quarks, belonging to a family known as baryons. Alternatively, a quark and an antiquark can pair up to form a meson.
Since then the quark model has been extremely successful, and is now a cornerstone of our understanding of particle physics. It was only at the turn of the millennium that some strange results started to suggest that the model might be incomplete. Until 2003 quarks had only been seen in twos or threes, but then a number of particles that looked like combinations of four quarks started to reveal themselves.
In 2008 the Belle Collaboration in Japan reported the observation of a new exotic particle – the unfortunately drably named Z(4430)– (where – for its negative charge). This has a mass that places it in a dense forest of charmonium states – particles that are made up of a charm quark and a charm antiquark. Crucially though, the Z is electrically charged whereas all charmonium states must be neutral, clearly marking it out as something unusual.
After a careful analysis of data from 25,000 decays of mesons resulting from more than 180 trillion collisions at the LHC in 2011 and 2012, the new announcement confirms the existence of Z(4430)– with extremely high confidence. The particle was observed with an overwhelming significance of 13.9 sigma, well above the usual 5 sigma threshold required to declare a discovery. LHCb also went further than Belle by measuring the spin and parity of Z(4430)–, two quantum-mechanical properties that give a firm handle on the internal makeup of the particle.
The observation by LHCb is important because few physicists will take a result seriously until it has been seen by two independent experiments. This is why hundreds of millions of Euros were spent building two large detectors at the LHC. The observation of the Higgs boson by two independent teams, ATLAS and CMS, was what really convinced the scientific community that the particle was real.
This result is the clearest evidence yet of the existence of a tetraquark
From another source.
A long-sought fugitive has been caught at the world’s largest particle accelerator. Experiments at the Large Hadron Collider confirm that a provocative particle called Z(4430) actually exists – and it may be the strongest evidence yet for a new form of matter called a tetraquark.
Quarks are subatomic particles that are the fundamental building blocks of matter. They are known to exist either in groups of two, forming short-lived mesons, or in threes, forming the protons and neutrons that make up atomic nuclei. Researchers have suspected for decades that quarks might also bind together in quartets, forming tetraquarks, but they have not been able to do the complicated quantum calculations necessary to test the idea.
“Our computers aren’t yet big enough to solve the theory from first principles,” says Thomas Cohen at the University of Maryland in College Park. That means no one knows if the laws of physics should allow matter to clump together to form the still hypothetical tetraquark. But the latest sighting at the LHC means we are closer than ever to finding out.
“The main argument about Z(4430) was, does it exist or not?” says Tomasz Skwarnicki at Syracuse University in New York, who is a member of the team that carried out the latest work. “We came and said Z(4430) is real.”
Belle v Babar
The newly nabbed Z(4430) is one of a handful of suspectedtetraquarks that have been found in recent years. It was first reported by the Belle detector at the KEKB accelerator in Tsukuba, Japan, in 2008. But the particle’s existence was questioned after the BaBar detector at the SLAC accelerator in Menlo Park, California, subsequently failed to find it.
Now the LHCb experiment, which sits at the LHC along with the experiments that spotted the Higgs boson, has analysed 10 times as much data as either Belle or BaBar and says it has found as many as 4000 of the particles.
“It’s a very good piece of work,” says BaBar spokesman Michael Roney. It seems that the particular way BaBar searched for the particle reduced its chances of a sighting. “We didn’t have enough data to have the full sensitivity,” he says.