Author: dgarnold

More interests than I can count.. enjoy Foreign Policy, Current events, Books, Game theory,Sports (both watching and participating) and of course my Labradors. Love Mountain Biking! World class backgammon player.


Who controls the past controls the future. Who controls the present controls the past.

War is peace.
Freedom is slavery.
Ignorance is strength.

Power is in tearing human minds to pieces and putting them together again in new shapes of your own choosing.

In the last few months we have made friends enemies… enemies friends and started down a spiraling trade war with the only clear losers being the population of the world. It is virtually impossible to win a trade war. We have forced children into detention centers very similar to what we did with the Japanese in world war 2 (I might add we didn’t descend into that level of barbarism even then of splitting up families). We have been told that what has happened was the result of something that never actually happened(Democrats being responsible for the policy). Anyone who disagrees will be labeled as fake news or ostracized. We have a First Lady who might as well have worn a Jacket saying “Let them Eat Cake”.


We pulled out of the human rights accords that only 4 countries do not belong to.

We have started down a slippery slope. How much power is too much? What will be the final straw to wake people up?

Personally I am appalled. I hear people seriously talking about leaving the Country to get some sanity in Government.

IN 2015, THE United States and China agreed to a digital truce that banned hacking private companies to steal trade secrets. And though the agreement has been touted as a success, it hasn’t stopped Chinese state-sponsored hackers from pushing the envelope of acceptable behavior. Moreover, it certainly hasn’t slowed types of hacking that fall outside the purview of the accord. Lately, it seems, that means defense intelligence gathering.

In recent weeks, Chinese hackers have reportedly breached a US Navy contractor that works for the Naval Undersea Warfare Center, stealing 614 GB of data about submarine and undersea weapons technology. Attacks in the last few months originating from China have also targeted US satellite and geospatial imaging firms, and an array of telecoms. The incidents highlight the clandestine but incessant hacking campaigns that continue reliably between the US and China.

Cyber war escalation



Boundless opportunity

Pretty scary is my initial reaction to finding this article. Thus original article was published 5 years ago and it has to determined how much more advanced data collection is the programs that NSA currently uses. Despite repeated assurances they are not spying on Americans it is obvious that they indeed are.

My question or one of the many questions is why America is so apathetic in regards to having our freedoms and privacy taken away.

The National Security Agency has developed a powerful tool for recording and analysing where its intelligence comes from, raising questions about its repeated assurances to Congress that it cannot keep track of all the surveillance it performs on American communications.

The Guardian has acquired top-secret documents about the NSA datamining tool, called Boundless Informant, that details and even maps by country the voluminous amount of information it collects from computer and telephone networks.

The focus of the internal NSA tool is on counting and categorizing the records of communications, known as metadata, rather than the content of an email or instant message.

The Boundless Informant documents show the agency collecting almost 3 billion pieces of intelligence from US computer networks over a 30-day period ending in March 2013. One document says it is designed to give NSA officials answers to questions like, “What type of coverage do we have on country X” in “near real-time by asking the SIGINT [signals intelligence] infrastructure.”

Boundless Informant

We surrendered our Freedoms the day we passed the Patriot Act

The USA PATRIOT Act is an Act of Congress that was signed into law by President George W. Bush on October 26, 2001.[1] With its ten-letter abbreviation (USA PATRIOT) expanded, the full title is “Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001”.[2] The abbreviation, as well as the full title, have been attributed to Chris Kyle, a former staffer on the House Judiciary Committee.[3][4]

From broad concern felt among Americans from both the September 11 attacks and the 2001 anthrax attacks, Congress rushed to pass legislation to strengthen security controls. On October 23, 2001, Republican Rep. Jim Sensenbrenner introduced H.R. 3162 incorporating provisions from a previously sponsored House bill and a Senate bill also introduced earlier in the month.[5] The next day, the Act passed the House 357 to 66,[6] with Democrats comprising the overwhelming portion of dissent. The three Republicans voting ‘no’ were Robert Ney of Ohio, Butch Otter of Idaho and Ron Paul of Texas. On October 25, the Act passed the Senate by 98 to 1, the only dissident being Russ Feingold of Wisconsin.[7]

Opponents of the law have criticized its authorization of indefinite detentions of immigrants; the permission given law enforcement officers to search a home or business without the owner’s or the occupant’s consent or knowledge; the expanded use of National Security Letters, which allows the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) to search telephone, e-mail, and financial records without a court order; and the expanded access of law enforcement agencies to business records, including library and financial records. Since its passage, several legal challenges have been brought against the act, and federal courts have ruled that a number of provisions are unconstitutional.

Patriot Act


In the slow disclosure of UFO’s this has recently in the last week been released. It was captured by Navy Hornets with the most sophisticated tracking devices known to man as part of its armaments.

Even though the 2004 encounter between an unidentified flying object nicknamed the ‘Tic Tac’ and U.S. Navy Hornets made headline news last Winter via its associated with a secretive Pentagon program to investigate UFO encounters, and possibly much more, the story had been talked about in detail among military aviation circles for years. But now we have an official report that came out of the aforementioned Advanced Aviation Threat Identification Program (AATIP) that makes a number of conclusions based on its findings. Above all else, it offers far more granular detail about the now historic incident than what had previously been released.

These are the conclusions of the Study of the encounters.

• The ‘Anomalous Aerial Vehicle’ was of unknown origin and represented technology not currently in the possession of the U.S. or any other nation.

• It featured broadband RF stealth making the use of radar against it largely ineffective.

• The craft manifested extreme performance but did not have lifting structures or control surfaces required for traditional flight.

• It showed that it has some kind of advanced propulsion capability making it able to go instantly from hovering to very high speed and to make very abrupt course changes.

• It was able to ‘cloak’ itself, becoming invisible visually to the naked eye.

• Possibly capable of operating undersea without being detected by the most advanced sub-surface sensors.

UFO article with link to Study of encounter

Leaked study in entirety


I posted awhile back about the genome being sequestered for an octopus and that they are some of the most complex animals on the planet. My initial thought was they are so different than anything else and do not look like anything else maybe they are alien.

Octopuses are strange, smart creatures that certainly seem alien—what with the tentacles, camouflage, and shape-shifting skills. Still, the idea that they actually came from outer space would seem to fall strictly into the realm of sci-fi; an update of HP Lovecraft’s Cthulhu, say.

But in these interesting times, real life reads like fiction. Recently, a group of 33 scientists worldwide—including molecular immunologist Edward Steele and astrobiologist Chandra Wickramasinghe—published a paper suggesting, in all seriousness, that octopuses may indeed be aliens.

The paper, published in the March issue of the the journal Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology, is controversial, obviously, and the vast majority of scientists would disagree. But the paper is still worthy of discussion—for one, as a thought exercise, because outlandish ideas are often initially rejected. And in provoking us with seemingly bizarre theories, it forces us to acknowledge that there are aspects of life on Earth for which classic evolutionary theory as yet has no explanation.

Article in quartz

The article from the peer reviewed scientific journal.


We review the salient evidence consistent with or predicted by the Hoyle-Wickramasinghe (H-W) thesis of Cometary (Cosmic) Biology. Much of this physical and biological evidence is multifactorial. One particular focus are the recent studies which date the emergence of the complex retroviruses of vertebrate lines at or just before the Cambrian Explosion of ∼500 Ma. Such viruses are known to be plausibly associated with major evolutionary genomic processes. We believe this coincidence is not fortuitous but is consistent with a key prediction of H-W theory whereby major extinction-diversification evolutionary boundaries coincide with virus-bearing cometary-bolide bombardment events. A second focus is the remarkable evolution of intelligent complexity (Cephalopods) culminating in the emergence of the Octopus. A third focus concerns the micro-organism fossil evidence contained within meteorites as well as the detection in the upper atmosphere of apparent incoming life-bearing particles from space. In our view the totality of the multifactorial data and critical analyses assembled by Fred Hoyle, Chandra Wickramasinghe and their many colleagues since the 1960s leads to a very plausible conclusion – life may have been seeded here on Earth by life-bearing comets as soon as conditions on Earth allowed it to flourish (about or just before 4.1 Billion years ago); and living organisms such as space-resistant and space-hardy bacteria, viruses, more complex eukaryotic cells, fertilised ova and seeds have been continuously delivered ever since to Earth so being one important driver of further terrestrial evolution which has resulted in considerable genetic diversity and which has led to the emergence of mankind.

Peer reviewed journal.

Review the material and just consider what it they are right.

The Ninth planet reality

I have always thought there was a mysterious Planet X. It has been witnessed by virtually every culture over the course of time as well as separated by vast distances and years. Wormwood was mentioned in the book of Revelations as well. The evidence appears substantial that there is indeed a Planet X. We would now call it Planet Nine.

It is very interesting from a scientific standpoint. There obviously is something out there that is causing the orbits of some of our outer planets to be off what they should be.

Thankfully, astronomers have realized that the motions of the objects past the eighth planet, Neptune, imply the existence of the ninth planet we deserve. The theorized planet would be 10 times the mass of the Earth and take a long, eccentric orbit around the Sun. And just this week, scientists reported another strangely moving rock that bolsters the evidence for a ninth planet’s existence.

The new object, called 2015 BP519, takes an elliptical journey around the Sun spanning from 35 to 862 times the radius of Earth’s own orbit. But while the eight known planets orbit the Sun on the same plane, like slot cars on concentric tracks, 2015 BP519 orbits at a 54-degree angle to that plane.

An international team of scientists from the Dark Energy Survey spotted the object and modeled its movement in a new paper published recently on the arXiv physics preprint server. It’s the “most extreme Trans-Neptunian Object found to date,” according to the paper.

After modeling the object’s orbit based on their observations, the team, led by University of Michigan graduate student Juliette Becker, realized that they needed something to explain why its orbit was so cockeyed. If it was formed in the plane of the solar system, it’s unlikely one of the known planets would have been able to provide the kick that knocked it askew. The researchers write that 2015 BP519’s strange orbit is readily explained by a ninth planet dragging it along.


A New World's Extraordinary Orbit Points to Planet Nine


In early 2016, two planetary scientists declared that a ghost planet is hiding in the depths of the solar system, well beyond the orbit of Pluto. Their claim, which they made based on the curious orbits of distant icy worlds, quickly sparked a race to find this so-called Planet Nine — a planet that is estimated to be about 10 times the mass of Earth. “It has a real magnetism to it,” said Gregory Laughlin, an astronomer at Yale University. “I mean, finding a 10-Earth-mass planet in our own solar system would be a discovery of unrivaled scientific magnitude.”

Quanta article.



From the research paper.

We report the discovery and dynamical analysis of 2015 BP519, an extreme Trans-Neptunian Object detected by the Dark Energy Survey at a heliocentric distance of 55 AU and absolute magnitude Hr = 4.3. The current orbit, determined from an 1110-day observational arc, has semi-major axis a ≈ 450 AU, eccentricity e ≈ 0.92, and inclination i ≈ 54 degrees. With these orbital elements, 2015 BP519 is the most extreme TNO discovered to date, as quantified by the reduced Kozai action, η0 = (1 − e2)1/2 cos i, which is a conserved quantity at fixed semi-major axis a for axisymmetric perturbations. We discuss the orbital stability and evolution of this object, and find that under the influence of the four known giant planets 2015 BP519 displays rich dynamical behavior, including rapid diffusion in semi-major axis and more constrained variations in eccentricity and inclination. We also consider the long term orbital stability and evolutionary behavior within the context of the Planet Nine hypothesis, and find that 2015 BP519 adds to the circumstantial evidence for the existence of this proposed new member of the solar system, as it would represent the first member of the population of high-i, π-shepherded TNOs.


Predicative policing

The criminal justice system is broken. I have written before about the disparity that it causes and the barbarism of solitary confinement. The US had more people in prison than any other country in the world. The private prison system is effect a system of slave labor.

There were 2.3 million prisoners in the U.S. as of the 2010 Census. It’s often been remarked that our national incarceration rate of 707 adults per every 100,000 residents is the highest in the world, by a huge margin.

We tend to focus less on where we’re putting all those people. But the 2010 Census tallied the location of every adult and juvenile prisoner in the United States. If we were to put them all on a map, this is what they would look like:

The map shows the raw number of prisoners in each U.S. county as of the 2010 Census. Much of the discussion of regional prison population only centers around inmates in our 1,800 state and federal correctional facilities. But at any given time, hundreds of thousands more individuals are locked up in the nation’s 3,200 local and county jails. This map includes these individuals as well.

To put these figures in context, we have slightly more jails and prisons in the U.S. — 5,000 plus — than we do degree-granting colleges and universities. In many parts of America, particularly the South, there are more people living in prisons than on college campuses.

College vs Prison


EVERYONE FROM THE ACLU to the Koch brothers wants to reduce the number of people in prison and in jail. Liberals view mass incarceration as an unjust result of a racist system. Conservatives view the criminal justice system as an inefficient system in dire need of reform. But both sides agree: Reducing the number of people behind bars is an all-around good idea.

To that end, AI—in particular, so-called predictive technologies—has been deployed to support various parts of our criminal justice system. For instance, predictive policing uses data about previous arrests and neighborhoods to direct police to where they might find more crime, and similar systems are used to assess the risk of recidivism for bail, parole, and even sentencing decisions. Reformers across the political spectrum have touted risk assessment by algorithm as more objective than decision-making by an individual. Take the decision of whether to release someone from jail before their trial. Proponents of risk assessment argue that many more individuals could be released if only judges had access to more reliable and efficient tools to evaluate their risk.


An article published earlier this year by ProPublica focused attention on possible racial biases in the COMPAS algorithm. We collected the COMPAS scores for more than 10,000 people arrested for crimes in Florida’s Broward’s County and checked to see how many were charged with further crimes within two years.

Machine Bias

There’s software used across the country to predict future criminals. And it’s biased against blacks. Read the story.

When we looked at the people who did not go on to be arrested for new crimes but were dubbed higher risk by the formula, we found a racial disparity. The data showed that black defendants were twice as likely to be incorrectly labeled as higher risk than white defendants. Conversely, white defendants labeled low risk were far more likely to end up being charged with new offenses than blacks with comparably low COMPAS risk scores.

Pro Publica

I wish I knew what the answer was… I know there needs to be one. I deal with t by w criminal justice system and reformed prisoners is not the end game. Getting people locked into the system and sapping every penny is the end game. In a way it is the most ingenious money making scam in existence. Yes there are people who need to be in prison however look at it for what it is.

The Vera Institute of Justice released a study in 2012 that found

the aggregate cost of prisons in 2010 in the 40 states that participated was $39 billion. The annual average taxpayer cost in these states was $31,286 per inmate. New York State was the most expensive, with an average cost of $60,000 per prison inmate.Aug 23, 2013


I would argue crime is related to poverty. The 31,000 if just given to a person would cure a lot of the crime. 31,000 is more than I personally make a year.

Domino effect

It is usually something simple that can start the fall of the dominos or a chain reaction. A seemingly innocuous event can turn into a justification for the vast US surveillance apparatus.

It was just another quiet Tuesday in October 2013 when a startling call from a reporter arrived on Stephen Sachs’ phone. The reporter was with an outlet that Sachs had never heard of—Wired—and he was asking about a Supreme Court case, Smith v. Maryland, from decades ago. The career lawyer had practically forgotten about it. But the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court had been secretly relying on Smith, which began as a late-night robbery in Baltimore in 1975, to justify a massive surveillance program at the National Security Agency.

As a direct result…. of a simple robbery. We have moved to total overkill based on rule of law and skewed definitions on what is reasonable and for that matter what constitutes a search.

The 1979 Smith decision “was a routine robbery case,” he told David Kravets. “To extend it to what we now know as massive surveillance, in my personal view, is a bridge too far.” Specifically, Smith had become a critical linchpin in the third-party doctrine.

Today, the third-party doctrine works like this: If Alice calls Bob using Verizon, the fact that this call went over Verizon’s network means that a third party (Verizon) was brought into the mix. Under this logic, neither Alice nor Bob can claim a privacy interest over the fact that the call took place. So, Verizon can disclose this metadata (who called whom, when, and for how long) to the police with little difficulty. In short, the government claims (and the Supreme Court agreed in 1979), that there was no “reasonable expectation of privacy” in numbers disclosed to a phone company.

There should be safety in numbers but instead power is in the few who wield it without any checks or balances all based on the umbrella of National Security.

Slate article on search and seizure.